Question: What Factors Contribute To Antibiotic Resistance Quizlet?

How common is antibiotic resistance?

Antibiotic resistance is one of the biggest public health challenges of our time.

Each year in the U.S., at least 2.8 million people get an antibiotic-resistant infection, and more than 35,000 people die..

What is antibiotic resistance and how does it develop?

Antibiotic resistance happens when germs like bacteria and fungi develop the ability to defeat the drugs designed to kill them. That means the germs are not killed and continue to grow. Infections caused by antibiotic-resistant germs are difficult, and sometimes impossible, to treat.

What may cause antibiotic resistance to develop in bacteria?

Antibiotic use promotes development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Every time a person takes antibiotics, sensitive bacteria are killed, but resistant germs may be left to grow and multiply. Repeated and improper uses of antibiotics are primary causes of the increase in drug-resistant bacteria.

What are some causes of antibiotic resistance quizlet?

What causes antibiotic resistance? Bacteria develop random mutations in their DNA which can lead to changes in their characteristics. What can a mutation in a bacteria’s DNA lead to? Antibiotic resistant strains forming as a gene for antibiotic resistance.

What are three actions that could prevent antibiotic resistance quizlet?

What are three actions that could prevent antibiotic resistance? take all of the prescribed medication. do not take medication prescribed to someone else. do not take an antibiotic for a viral infection.

What is the biggest contributor to antibiotic resistance?

The primary contributors to resistance development in developing countries include poor surveillance of drug-resistant infections, poor quality of available antibiotics, clinical misuse, and the ease of availability of antibiotics.

How can we prevent antibiotic resistance?

To prevent and control the spread of antibiotic resistance, individuals can:Only use antibiotics when prescribed by a certified health professional.Never demand antibiotics if your health worker says you don’t need them.Always follow your health worker’s advice when using antibiotics.More items…•

What are examples of antibiotic resistance?

Examples of bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics include methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), penicillin-resistant Enterococcus, and multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MDR-TB), which is resistant to two tuberculosis drugs, isoniazid and rifampicin.

What factors contribute to antibiotic resistance?

In summary, the 6 main causes of antibiotic resistance have been linked to:Over-prescription of antibiotics.Patients not finishing the entire antibiotic course.Overuse of antibiotics in livestock and fish farming.Poor infection control in health care settings.Poor hygiene and sanitation.More items…•

Can we reverse antibiotic resistance?

Yes, antibiotic resistance traits can be lost, but this reverse process occurs more slowly. If the selective pressure that is applied by the presence of an antibiotic is removed, the bacterial population can potentially revert to a population of bacteria that responds to antibiotics.

How do you know if you are antibiotic resistant?

Your healthcare provider may take a sample of your infected tissue and send it to a lab. There, the type of infection can be figured out. Tests can also show which antibiotics will kill the germs. You may have an antibiotic-resistant infection if you don’t get better after treatment with standard antibiotics.

Antibiotic resistance is a consequence of evolution via natural selection. The antibiotic action is an environmental pressure; those bacteria which have a mutation allowing them to survive will live on to reproduce. They will then pass this trait to their offspring, which will be a fully resistant generation.