Question: What Is A Maxillofacial Injury?

How do I know if I broke my cheekbone?

Broken cheekbone/upper jaw (zygomatic maxillary fracture)Flatness of the cheek.Altered sensation underneath the eye on the affected side.Problems with eyesight.Pain with jaw movement..

What are the 4 types of soft tissue?

There are many types of soft tissue, including fat, muscle, fibrous tissue, blood vessels, lymph vessels and nerves. Soft tissues surround, support and connect organs and other tissues in the body.

How do you treat facial trauma?

TreatmentControl bleeding.Create a clear airway.Treat the fracture and fix broken bone segments.Prevent scars, if possible.Prevent long-term double vision or sunken eyes or cheek bones.Rule out other injuries.

Which signs and symptoms would you expect to find with facial injuries?

The major symptoms of most facial injuries are pain , swelling, bleeding, and bruising, although a fractured jaw also prevents the person from working his jaw properly. Symptoms of a fractured nose include black eyes and possible blockage of the airway due to swelling and bleeding.

What are the signs and symptoms of soft tissue injuries?

Common Symptoms of Soft Tissue InjuriesA lump or knot at the site of the injury.Inability to bear weight.Joint instability.Limited range of motion.Muscle cramping or spasms.Muscle weakness.Pain.Swelling.More items…

Can a facial fracture heal on its own?

Often a facial fracture may be left to heal on its own. No treatment may be necessary if the broken bone stays in normal position, but injuries causing severe fractures may need to be surgically repaired. The surgeon moves the bone(s) back to their normal position.

What to do if you get hit in the cheekbone?

If you’ve been struck in the face and you feel the hit was hard enough to cause a bruise, put an ice pack on the area as soon as possible. This will help to treat inflammation and limit swelling. Hold the ice or cold compress on the injury site for a minimum of 10 minutes and a maximum of 30 minutes.

Can you talk with a fractured jaw?

You may be unable to open your jaw all the way or have problems speaking. There may notice swellingor bruising of the jaw. Your chin or lower lip may be numb because of damage to a nerve that runs through the mandible.

How long does facial trauma take to heal?

Facial trauma repair is surgery to fix an injury to the face or jaw. The surgery may have been done to stop bleeding, repair damaged tissue, or fix broken bones. Your face may be swollen and bruised. It may take 5 to 7 days for the swelling to go down, and 10 to 14 days for the bruising to fade.

What is the most common facial fracture?

Simple nasal fractures are the most common facial fractures and must be distinguished from the more serious nasoethmoidal (NOE) fractures. NOE fractures extend into the nose through the ethmoid bones.

What is the best treatment for a soft tissue injury?

Treatment involves rest, compression, elevation, and anti-inflammatory medicine. Ice may be used in the acute phase of injury to reduce swelling. Injections may be needed if pain and swelling persist.

What does a bruised jaw feel like?

Signs and symptoms of a jaw injury depend on the type of injury and the presence of jaw fracture and/or jaw and jaw dislocation. Signs of a broken jaw can include: Facial bruising, swelling or numbness. Jaw stiffness, tenderness or pain that worsens with biting and chewing.

What are examples of soft tissue injuries?

The most common soft tissues injured are muscles, tendons, and ligaments. These injuries often occur during sports and exercise activities, but sometimes simple everyday activities can cause an injury. Sprains, strains, and contusions, as well as tendinitis and bursitis, are common soft-tissue injuries.

How do you know if you have an orbital fracture?

What Are Orbital Fracture Symptoms?blurry, decreased or double vision.black and blue bruising around the eyes.swelling of the forehead or cheek.swollen skin under the eye.numbness in the injured side of the face.blood in the white part of the eye.difficulty moving the eye to look left, right, up or down.flattened cheek.More items…•

What happens if the zygomatic bone is damaged?

Patients may develop trismus (i.e. the inability to fully open the mouth) and have difficulty with chewing. There may also be bleeding through the nose, which depends on the severity of the injury. The cheekbone of these patients may be flattened due to the malar eminence being depressed.

How do you heal a bruised cheek?

10 Natural ways to treat bruisesIce therapy. Apply ice immediately after the injury to reduce blood flow around the area. … Heat. You can apply heat to boost circulation and increase blood flow. … Compression. Wrap the bruised area in an elastic bandage. … Elevation. … Arnica. … Vitamin K cream. … Aloe vera. … Vitamin C.More items…•

How long does a bruised jaw take to heal?

Dislocation and nonsurgical factures heal in four to eight weeks, whereas recovery from a surgical fracture could take up to several months. In most cases, the jaw heals successfully and there are few long-term effects. However, you’re more likely to have recurring joint pain in your jaw after your injury.

What happens if a fracture is left untreated?

If untreated, the pain experienced from a fracture will likely worsen as time goes on. The main risk of an untreated fracture, however, is improper healing. This can result in visible deformities, misalignment, limited movement, and infection.