Quick Answer: What Is Bulbar Polio?

How did polio spread from person to person?

How is polio spread.

Polio is spread when the stool of an infected person is introduced into the mouth of another person through contaminated water or food (fecal-oral transmission).

Oral-oral transmission by way of an infected person’s saliva may account for some cases..

Does polio vaccine last for life?

It is not known how long people who received IPV will be immune to poliovirus, but they are most likely protected for many years after a complete series of IPV.

Is polio an airborne disease?

Sometimes poliovirus is spread through saliva from an infected person or droplets expelled when an infected person sneezes or coughs. People become infected when they inhale airborne droplets or touch something contaminated with the infected saliva or droplets. The infection usually begins in the intestine.

How is polio diagnosed?

Doctors often recognize polio by symptoms, such as neck and back stiffness, abnormal reflexes, and difficulty swallowing and breathing. To confirm the diagnosis, a sample of throat secretions, stool or a colorless fluid that surrounds your brain and spinal cord (cerebrospinal fluid) is checked for poliovirus.

What are the consequences of bulbar muscle dysfunction?

Chronic malnutrition as a consequence of bulbar muscle weakness may have a considerable bearing on respiratory muscle function and survival. Abnormalities of the control and strength of the laryngeal and pharyngeal muscles may cause upper airway obstruction increasing resistance to airflow.

Is bulbar ALS worse?

Researchers have identified some of the factors accounting for the variability. For example, those with the bulbar onset form of the disease — ALS with initial bulbar symptoms — have a worse survival outlook than those with the spinal onset form that initially affects the limbs and trunk.

What is bulbar dysfunction?

DEFINITIONS. Bulbar dysfunction = abnormal swallow and speech. Swallowing reflex = complex reflex requiring different phases: oral preparatory. oral voluntary.

Can bulbar palsy be cured?

As there is no cure for Bulbar Palsy, treatment is essentially limited to medical management and support. For patients presenting with Bulbar Palsy, treatment will be directed to the underlying cause of the syndrome.

What does bulbar mean?

: of or relating to a bulb specifically : involving the medulla oblongata bulbar polio.

What are the three types of polio?

There are three wild types of poliovirus (WPV) – type 1, type 2, and type 3. People need to be protected against all three types of the virus in order to prevent polio disease and the polio vaccination is the best protection.

What is Bulbospinal polio?

bulbospinal polio: a form of paralytic polio that affects the “bulb” or the medulla part of the brain, which contains the cranial nerves that control swallowing, breathing, and speech, and the spinal nerves that lead to the arms and legs.

How long can you live with bulbar palsy?

The limbs are less affected but as the disease progresses the patient may experience weakness in the arms and legs [3]. Life expectancy is between 6 months and 3 years from the onset of symptoms.

Was polio a virus or bacteria?

Polio is an infectious disease caused by viruses. The symptoms may range from none to paralysis and death. Polio has been traced back almost 6,000 years.

Can polio be passed down genetically?

No. Post polio syndrome is not inherited .

How aggressive is bulbar ALS?

Shauna suffers from bulbar ALS, a particularly aggressive form of the disease that first attacks her muscles used for speaking, swallowing or breathing, and it usually kills its victims within months.

What is the definition of polio?

Related Pages. Polio, or poliomyelitis, is a disabling and life-threatening disease caused by the poliovirus. The virus spreads from person to person and can infect a person’s spinal cord, causing paralysis (can’t move parts of the body).

What is bulbar weakness?

Definition. Bulbar weakness (or bulbar palsy) refers to bilateral impairment of function of the lower cranial nerves IX, X, XI and XII, which occurs due to lower motor neuron lesion either at nuclear or fascicular level in the medulla or from bilateral lesions of the lower cranial nerves outside the brain-stem.

What really caused polio?

What causes polio? Polio is caused by the poliovirus. The virus enters the body through the mouth. It is spread through contact with the feces (stool) of an infected person or through exposure to phlegm or mucus when an infected person coughs or sneezes.

Does polio mean gray?

The word polio comes from Greek meaning “gray”. … Thus the word poliomyelitis means the inflammation of the spinal cord (gray matter). Polio is an acute, contagious viral disease that attacks the central nervous system, injuring or destroying the nerve cells that control muscles and sometimes causing paralysis.

Do people still get polio?

Polio does still exist, although polio cases have decreased by over 99% since 1988, from an estimated more than 350 000 cases to 22 reported cases in 2017. This reduction is the result of the global effort to eradicate the disease.

How long do polio survivors live?

For years, most polio survivors lived active lives, their memory of polio mainly forgotten, their health status stable. But by the late 1970s, survivors who were 20 or more years past their original diagnosis began noting new problems, including fatigue, pain, breathing or swallowing problems, and additional weakness.

What are bulbar symptoms?

Signs and symptoms of progressive bulbar palsy include difficulty swallowing, weak jaw and facial muscles, progressive loss of speech, and weakening of the tongue. Additional symptoms include less prominent weakness in the arms and legs, and outbursts of laughing or crying (called emotional lability).