Quick Answer: Where Is Hantavirus Most Common?

Is there a test for hantavirus?

Doctors diagnose hantavirus with several tests.

Blood tests identify proteins (antibodies) associated with the virus.

Blood tests can also reveal signs of the disease.

These signs may include larger-than-normal white blood cells and an abnormally low amount of platelets (a substance that helps blood clot)..

Why is hantavirus so rare?

And even though 15-20 percent of deer mice are infected with hantavirus, Cobb explains, it’s a rare disease for humans to contract, mostly because the virus dies shortly after contact with sunlight, and it can’t spread from one person to another.

What are the first signs of hantavirus?

Early symptoms include fatigue, fever and muscle aches, especially in the large muscle groups—thighs, hips, back, and sometimes shoulders. These symptoms are universal. There may also be headaches, dizziness, chills, and abdominal problems, such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain.

Does dish soap kill hantavirus?

The dish soap will destroy the virus. Afterwards, remove the gloves, let them dry, and wash your hands with soap and water. What symptoms are unique for hantavirus?

Can you get hantavirus from old mouse droppings?

A person may be exposed to hantavirus by breathing contaminated dust after disturbing or cleaning rodent droppings or nests, or by living or working in rodent-infested settings.

Can house mice spread hantavirus?

However, not every deer mouse, white-footed mouse, rice rat, or cotton rat carries a hantavirus. Other rodents, such as house mice, roof rats, and Norway rats, have never been known to give people HPS.

Does Lysol kill hantavirus?

If you need to clean rodent nests or droppings, spray them with a disinfectant such as chlorine bleach, a phenol-type spray such as Lysol, or other chemicals labeled to kill viruses to disinfect the area and material.

What is the survival rate of hantavirus?

Although rare, Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) is frequently fatal, with a case fatality rate of 36%. Patients with hantavirus infection typically present in a nonspecific way with a relatively short febrile prodrome lasting 3-5 days.

Where is the hantavirus found in the US?

The Cotton Rat (Sigmodon hispidus), found in the southeastern US and down into Central and South America, has a bigger body than the deer mouse.

Do all mice carry the hantavirus?

Only some kinds of mice and rats can give people hantaviruses that can cause HPS. In North America, they are the deer mouse, the white-footed mouse, the rice rat, and the cotton rat. However, not every deer mouse, white-footed mouse, rice rat, or cotton rat carries a hantavirus.

What are the chances of getting hantavirus?

Q: Is it common? Cohen: Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome is rare — the chance of getting the disease is 1 in 13,000,000, which is less likely than being struck by lightning.

How common is hantavirus in the US?

Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome is a severe respiratory disease caused by hantavirus. The virus is spread to humans through contact (via inhalation or ingestion) with rodent droppings, urine, or saliva. Only 20 to 40 cases of HPS occur in the United States each year, but the syndrome can be fatal.