What is a prophage condition?
A prophage is a bacteriophage (often shortened to “phage”) genome inserted and integrated into the circular bacterial DNA chromosome or exists as an extrachromosomal plasmid.
This is a latent form of a phage, in which the viral genes are present in the bacterium without causing disruption of the bacterial cell..
What is the difference between bacteriophage and prophage?
is that bacteriophage is (microbiology|virology) a virus that specifically infects bacteria while prophage is (biology) the latent form of a bacteriophage in which the viral genome is inserted into the host chromosome.
What is a prophage and temperate phage?
In virology, temperate refers to the ability of some bacteriophages (notably coliphage λ) to display a lysogenic life cycle. Many (but not all) temperate phages can integrate their genomes into their host bacterium’s chromosome, together becoming a lysogen as the phage genome becomes a prophage.
What is a prophage quizlet?
A prophage is an inactive bacteriophage which is inserted into a host’s chromosome. They are both latent but some proviruses do not become incorporated into the chromosomes of their hosts cells and phages always do. … For example, HIV has a protein on its surface that is specific for receptor proteins on immune cells.
Why is phage therapy not used?
Phage therapy disadvantages Additionally, it’s not known if phage therapy may trigger bacteria to become stronger than the bacteriophage, resulting in phage resistance. Cons of phage therapy include the following: Phages are currently difficult to prepare for use in people and animals.
What is the difference between a prophage and a Provirus?
A prophage infects bacteria, which are prokaryotic, by inserting itself into the DNA of the host cell. Similarly, proviruses also infect by inserting themselves into the DNA of their host. The difference is that these viruses infect eukaryotic cells and that the provirus uses reverse transcription.